SUBSCRIBE to Capitol Fax      Advertise Here      Mobile Version     Exclusive Subscriber Content     Updated Posts    Contact
CapitolFax.com
To subscribe to Capitol Fax, click here.
The headlines, not the substance, are the real problems here

Monday, Jun 28, 2010

* As we’ve discussed many times before, Rod Blagojevich’s subpoenas of prominent Illinois politicos is most likely much ado about little to nothing.

These subpoenas are partly Blagojevich’s way of exacting revenge on the Democratic establishment. It’s supremely embarrassing, of course, to be dragged into the trial by way of a defense subpoena, and that’s undoubtedly a prime motivation behind these filings.

But what is so often missed by reporters and pundits covering the trial is that if the defense actually follows through on these subpoenas, they will ask the witnesses to say that Blagojevich did nothing illegal in their dealings with him and his staff. That’ll also be quite embarrassing, but the defense isn’t gonna drag in Dick Durbin or the others on their long list to say they saw Blagojevich do something untoward.

Keep that in mind when reading news stories about the latest subpoena target: Alexi Giannoulias. But also keep something else in mind. Headlines like “Blagojevich subpoenas Giannoulias” are quite damaging and will look horrible when placed into TV ads, despite the reality

Giannoulias and Blagojevich were not close; Blagojevich backed a rival in the Democratic primary when Giannoulious ran for treasurer. Giannoulias also called Blagojevich the “anti-Obama” after his 2008 budget address.

And for a guy who has been repeatedly accused of exaggerations and embellishments, this is statement by Mark Kirk’s spokesperson is a bit over the top…

“Today’s news developments further emphasize the troubling pattern that has emerged concerning Alexi Giannoulias. As state treasurer, Giannoulias lost more than $70 million in Bright Start college savings funds and his family’s bank cost the FDIC nearly $400 million in losses. Now we’ve learned Giannoulias’ name has come up on federal wire taps talking about the Illinois Senate seat and he has been subpoenaed in former and disgraced Governor Rod Blagojevich’s public corruption trial. This revelation raises additional questions about Alexi Giannoulias that he needs to answer.”

* Meanwhile, Mark Kirk is MIA these days

Last Monday, a group of Chicago reporters chased Illinois GOP Senate nominee Rep. Mark Kirk through a hotel kitchen. They never caught up with him after he left the stage at a public policy Senate forum sponsored by the Metropolitan Planning Council. He did not want to stop to take questions because most of them would probably have been about why he embellished his record as a Navy reserve officer.

The first of several stories about Kirk’s exaggerations on his military and teaching careers broke May 29; Kirk made a few comments at a Memorial Day parade in Arlington Heights. He met on June 3 with the editorial boards of the Sun-Times and Tribune as his campaign was dealing with its first crisis, and that’s been pretty much it. But the issue of Kirk avoiding the press goes deeper than the last few weeks.

Kirk has been ducking routine press coverage since he jumped into the Senate race. He refuses to release, when asked, his government or his political schedules. He also declines to volunteer where he is going to raise campaign cash and who hosts the events.

Kirk has the most stringent and stubborn non-disclosure policy when compared with the three other major Illinois statewide candidates.

Say what you will about Alexi Giannoulias - and you can say a lot - but the same day Broadway Bank was seized by the FDIC, he held a full-blown press conference and answered everybody’s questions. Kirk, on the other hand, has gone completely to ground.

* Related…

* Giannoulias subpoenaed by Blagojevich lawyers

* Senate candidate subpoenaed for Blagojevich trial

* Giannoulias wants no part of Blagojevich circus

* Giannoulias subpoenaed by Blagojevich lawyers

* Five Questions With…LeAlan Jones, Illinois Green Party U.S. Senate Candidate

- Posted by Rich Miller        


25 Comments
  1. - Steve Downstate - Monday, Jun 28, 10 @ 11:07 am:

    Kirk still has to do a lot of work introducing himself to downstate voters; most people I run into, even Republicans, don’t have a good handle on his positions or his bio…aside from the credibility problems he’s been experiencing of late. So if you’re the candidate who has to introduce himself and get coverage in local papers, how exactly do you do that without tipping off more aggressive reporters (those working for larger outlets) who are likely to press you on details rather than just write a puff piece about how “people in this part of the state are vital to my campaign and our country’s future”? In the age of the Internet, Twitter, and mobile phone feeds, how exactly do you get around the state to talk yourself up without tipping off the people who are willing and able to shadow you? (I hope that media budgets have not been cut so close to the bone that getting around the entire state is impossible for reporters of larger papers and stations. If so, that would be a loss for all of us.)


  2. - Rob_N - Monday, Jun 28, 10 @ 11:08 am:

    When will the Giannoulias camp hit back with Kirk’s donations from Rezko…?

    Speaking of, has Kirk fully explained why he accepted that cash from Rezko?

    If not, why not?


  3. - anon - Monday, Jun 28, 10 @ 11:20 am:

    As a veteran and state employee, my observation is that the theme for this election is “incompetence”.

    Kirk, Giannoulias, Brady and Quinn…. they are all liars and incompetent fools.

    Only we taxpayers/voters are the bigger fools for putting any of the four in office.


  4. - shore - Monday, Jun 28, 10 @ 11:23 am:

    Mark Kirk does not work for Lynn Sweet or the media, he works for his district-one she has pretty much ignored since Obama got hot. He’s under no obligation to disclose anything. From her own piece it’s pretty clear that what sweet wants to do is destroy him-ask questions about his resume, do investigations into his fundraising. what candidate of either party would hand the media attacks on them?

    Not me.


  5. - Berkeley Bear - Monday, Jun 28, 10 @ 11:40 am:

    If people understood that being subpeonaed by the defense means you want nothing to do with the defendant, Kirk wouldn’t try to make an issue of it. It should be a mark of pride that Blago’s defense team is sending out these subpeonas, as it suggests these are the people the Adams think can somehow sway a jury that Blago’s innocent.

    Shore, your defense of Kirk is devoid of sense. He’s a public servant and candidate for public office who is refusing to let the public - private citizens or the media - know where and how he is carrying out those roles. Guess what? That makes his refusal fair game. The solution is, as always, to subject yourself to grilling, take all the questions head on one time, then refuse to answer them if they come up again as old news. That’s how you kill issues - not by lying about them or being evasive in editorial boards and then running away from the press.


  6. - Chicago Cynic - Monday, Jun 28, 10 @ 11:40 am:

    Boy Shore, when you’re in the tank for a guy, you’re IN THE TANK for the guy. Give me a break. Mark Kirk wants to represent the people of this state in one of the highest offices in the country. If we wants to do so, he absolutely is under an obligation to disclose and respond to media inquiries. He can’t have it both ways.

    As for Alexi, when the Broadway crap hit the fan towards the end of the primary campaign, he routinely ducked the press and snuck out the back door the way Kirk is now doing. It’s cowardly and completely unbecoming and apparently a hallmark of this campaign for both candidates. Just goes to show you our pathetic choices.

    I never thought it was possible, but Mark Kirk’s pathological lying has now made this a tossup race again. I would still put my money on his winning, but Kirk’s self-immolation ability is really quite impressive.

    Blech.


  7. - bdogg - Monday, Jun 28, 10 @ 11:50 am:

    there are more than two choices in this race. this country is stuck in this mindset that there are only two choices, democrat or republican. until the two party system is no longer, there will not be real change in this country.


  8. - Small Town Liberal - Monday, Jun 28, 10 @ 11:55 am:

    - destroy him-ask questions about his resume, do investigations into his fundraising. -

    This is the funniest thing I’ve read from you for a while. So you’re saying that if Kirk answered questions about these things it would destroy him? I guess transperency is only important if you don’t have skeletons in your closet.


  9. - just sayin' - Monday, Jun 28, 10 @ 11:57 am:

    Kirk’s campaign looks like it’s in complete disarray. And he can’t get back on his feet because no one believes anything he says anymore.


  10. - VanillaMan - Monday, Jun 28, 10 @ 11:58 am:

    Both Giannoulais and Kirk would do well by disappearing for the rest of the campaign. Kirk seems smart enough to be doing this now, and Giannoulias isn’t smart enough.

    So, there ya go if you were wondering who is the smarter of the two to base your vote on. Kirk.


  11. - Conservative Republican - Monday, Jun 28, 10 @ 12:17 pm:

    RM, nice covering for Alexi! Keep up the good work!

    ….however, I don’t quite remember the “pro-Obama” Alexi calling for voters NOT to vote for Blagojevich in 2006.


  12. - Capt. Kirk for Senate - Monday, Jun 28, 10 @ 12:18 pm:

    “Kirk has been ducking routine press coverage since he jumped into the Senate race. He refuses to release, when asked, his government or his political schedules.”

    Doggonit! I’ve told you my schedule a million times: I’m on a five-year mission to explore strange new worlds; to seek out new life and new civilizations; to boldly go where no man has gone before.

    http://twitter.com/CaptKirk4Senate


  13. - shore - Monday, Jun 28, 10 @ 12:36 pm:

    If Kirk’s campaign was in disarray you’d see firings of staff like what happened with team alexi after the primary and you’d see alexi touting polls showing him up double digits with conservatives quoted in stories about how they are sitting on the sidelines this year. I haven’t read those stories so team kirk must not be flailing.

    The congressman does not have an obligation to make lynn sweet’s life easy for her. She has ignored him since he was elected to congress, ignored most of the work he’s done on substantive issues and if you read the piece all she really wants to do is grill him on this resume issue which her edit board has already had a chance to ask him questions on and get information he has no legal obligation to provide her so she can run nasty hit pieces on his fundraising.

    Oh and by the way, how many press conferences has Roland Burris held the last 2 years?


  14. - Rich Miller - Monday, Jun 28, 10 @ 12:38 pm:

    CR, somebody who works for a large law firm ought to be a bit more careful about tossing around insane allegations like that.


  15. - Small Town Liberal - Monday, Jun 28, 10 @ 12:42 pm:

    - Oh and by the way, how many press conferences has Roland Burris held the last 2 years? -

    You’re going to excuse Kirk by comparing him to Burris? Really?


  16. - just sayin' - Monday, Jun 28, 10 @ 12:44 pm:

    “If Kirk’s campaign was in disarray you’d see firings of staff…..”

    Staff’s not the problem. Staff’s not responsible for the the fact that the boss seems incapable of telling the truth. The only way to fix the Kirk campaign is to fire Kirk. Duh.


  17. - 22 - Monday, Jun 28, 10 @ 1:08 pm:

    From Chicago’s Coop News (Jim Warren) dated Jan. 31, 2010 (days before the primary):

    “Mr. Giannoulias, 33, has ducked all but the most general questions about which loans he approved that might have contributed to the bank’s trouble. He said there would be time later to get into such details.

    I interpret that to mean: “I hope I can get this past my fellow Democrats. I’ll worry about my Republican opponent later.”

    I trust Jim Warren a whole lot more than Rich on Mr. Giannoulias character, or lack there of.

    The Greeks Blago was referring to? The Giannoulias. Rezko was one of the old man’s best friend, who do you think introduced Obama to them? It’s okay, continue smearing Kirk like the Republicans did to Max Cleland.


  18. - Rich Miller - Monday, Jun 28, 10 @ 1:10 pm:

    22, since the primary he’s been quite accessible. That’s a big distinction that you’re ignoring. No surprise.

    The pushback is a little grumpy today. Go figure.


  19. - OneMan - Monday, Jun 28, 10 @ 1:22 pm:

    == - Oh and by the way, how many press conferences has Roland Burris held the last 2 years? -

    You’re going to excuse Kirk by comparing him to Burris? Really? ==

    Yes using Burris as a metric for anything is a bad idea….

    As for Kirk going to ground. I can see some logic to it but part of me thinks he would be better off dealing with this right now or in early July when less folks are engaged.


  20. - Team Sleep - Monday, Jun 28, 10 @ 2:20 pm:

    I think Kirk needs to fire some of his staff. Staff can make a huge dent in a campaign - both good and bad - as long as a candidate is willing to listen. Congressman Kirk needs to take some better direction.


  21. - Rob_N - Monday, Jun 28, 10 @ 3:02 pm:

    22 says, “It’s okay, continue smearing Kirk like the Republicans did to Max Cleland.”

    Dems put out an ad saying Kirk supports Osama bin Laden?!?!!

    When did that happen?

    (/snark)

    22, everything that’s “been done to” Kirk the past month was his own doing. If he hadn’t lied for the past decade there wouldn’t be anything to talk about and he’d be 10pts up.


  22. - wordslinger - Monday, Jun 28, 10 @ 4:04 pm:

    The subpoeana’s lame. Blago wants Alexi to say that he didn’t do anything, which he didn’t, because he wasn’t a player.

    Kirk running through the hotel is weird. He has to answer for that now, too. He’s building up a tension with the media where they’re going to unload on him once he inevitably has to stand still for a while and answer questions.

    Alexi was as dead as the Sox a month ago. Now, all of a sudden….

    Someone is going to win that race.


  23. - Segatari - Monday, Jun 28, 10 @ 4:42 pm:

    Kirk is still firing off emails. So he’s SOMEWHERE.


  24. - Anonymous - Monday, Jun 28, 10 @ 5:49 pm:

    Obama has been the most inaccesable president on record.


  25. - truthy - Monday, Jun 28, 10 @ 11:14 pm:

    While Alexi G. may not have done anything illegal pertaining to Rod’s sale of the Senate seat, it is curious that he has no recollection of what transpired at the meeting he arranged between Balanoff and Jarret. How convenient!!


Sorry, comments for this post are now closed.


* Rove spending over a million dollars in two races
* Question of the day
* Quinn administration accuses Rep. of "political stunt" that would violate state and federal laws
* Today's number: 54 percent
* Rauner files "emergency appeal"
* Uber ramps up the pressure with new radio ad
* *** UPDATED x3 - Tribune's McQueary: Meh - Quinn calls for investigation by county, state, feds - Felonies? *** Playing hardball... with guns
* Quinn updates new TV ad to add Rauner "Not every job should be in America" quote
* Uh-oh
* SUBSCRIBERS ONLY - Supplement to today’s edition
* SUBSCRIBERS ONLY - Today's edition of Capitol Fax (use all CAPS in password)
* Yesterday's blog posts

Support CapitolFax.com
Visit our advertisers...

...............

...............


Search This Blog...

Search the 98th General Assembly By Bill Number
(example: HB0001)

Search the 98th General Assembly By Keyword

          
        * Whodunnit? How the Lumia 630 became a crime film star
        * Sony Xperia Z3 keeps gaining certifications in Asia
        * New Moto X+1 renders leaked, confirming some earlier suspicions
        * Microsoft to unveil Windows 9 and WP9 on September 30?
        * Guess which smartphone took these photos (Vol. 6)
        * Asus PadFone X mini hits the FCC, headed for AT&T?
        * Galaxy S5 4G+ smartphone hits Singapore Aug 23

        * Genentech CEO Disses Wearables, but Expects Cancer Strides Soon
        * Make Your Windows Type Cursor More Visible by Increasing Its Thickness
        * 10 ways Facebook is telling businesses to confront changing ad market
        * Salesforce Beats the Street, Raises Revenue Guidance
        * Immersive journalism: What if you could experience a news event in 3D by using an Oculus Rift?
        * Hands On With the New Vine: 6-Second Videos Will Never Be the Same
        * Ouya Scores Xiaomi Partnership to Take Games to China

        * White Sox deal Beckham to Angels
        * Danks leads White Sox into Bronx for weekend visit
        * White Sox trade Gordon Beckham to Angels
        * White Sox 2014 Draft plan starting to bear fruit
        * Reading Room: Rick Hahn speaks vaguely about September
        * Avisail finds power stroke in loss to Orioles
        * Danks leads White Sox into Bronx for weekend visit


        Main Menu
        Home
        Illinois
        YouTube
        Pundit rankings
        Obama
        Subscriber Content
        Durbin
        Burris
        Blagojevich Trial
        Advertising
        Updated Posts
        Polls

        Archives
        August 2014
        July 2014
        June 2014
        May 2014
        April 2014
        March 2014
        February 2014
        January 2014
        December 2013
        November 2013
        October 2013
        September 2013
        August 2013
        July 2013
        June 2013
        May 2013
        April 2013
        March 2013
        February 2013
        January 2013
        December 2012
        November 2012
        October 2012
        September 2012
        August 2012
        July 2012
        June 2012
        May 2012
        April 2012
        March 2012
        February 2012
        January 2012
        December 2011
        November 2011
        October 2011
        September 2011
        August 2011
        July 2011
        June 2011
        May 2011
        April 2011
        March 2011
        February 2011
        January 2011
        December 2010
        November 2010
        October 2010
        September 2010
        August 2010
        July 2010
        June 2010
        May 2010
        April 2010
        March 2010
        February 2010
        January 2010
        December 2009
        November 2009
        October 2009
        September 2009
        August 2009
        July 2009
        June 2009
        May 2009
        April 2009
        March 2009
        February 2009
        January 2009
        December 2008
        November 2008
        October 2008
        September 2008
        August 2008
        July 2008
        June 2008
        May 2008
        April 2008
        March 2008
        February 2008
        January 2008
        December 2007
        November 2007
        October 2007
        September 2007
        August 2007
        July 2007
        June 2007
        May 2007
        April 2007
        March 2007
        February 2007
        January 2007
        December 2006
        November 2006
        October 2006
        September 2006
        August 2006
        July 2006
        June 2006
        May 2006
        April 2006
        March 2006
        February 2006
        January 2006
        December 2005
        April 2005
        March 2005
        February 2005
        January 2005
        December 2004
        November 2004
        October 2004

        Blog*Spot Archives
        November 2005
        October 2005
        September 2005
        August 2005
        July 2005
        June 2005
        May 2005

        Syndication

        RSS Feed 2.0
        Comments RSS 2.0
        WordPress

        Loading


        * Governor Quinn announces $31 million for constr.....
        * Gov. Pat Quinn prompts Chicago CEOs to take Ice.....


        * IDOT cuts positions following questions on hiring
        * Illinois gets $300M in Bank of America settlement
        * Economy slowing down in rural parts of 10 states
        * Sewer blast launches manhole covers; 1 injury
        * Term-limit backers seek state Supreme Court ruling
        * Unemployment falls again in all Ill. metro areas
        * Hostess closing bakery that created the Twinkie
        * AG: Hotline available for settlement mortgage help
        * Illinois student dies after basketball practice
        * Hostess closing bakery that created the Twinkie

        * IDOT cuts positions following questions on hiring
        * Authorities investigating powdery substance at Illinois State Library
        * Powdery substance mailed to Illinois State Library deemed non-hazardous
        * Term-limit backers seek Supreme Court intervention
        * Illinois' share of Bank of America settlement: $300M
        * Appeals court says term limits can't be on ballot
        * Marijuana town hall attracts hundreds in Chicago
        * Governor candidates commit to 3 traditional debates, none in Springfield
        * Manar, others tout school funding reform bill
        * Vallas attacks, Rauner defends businesses and investments

        * American drops more first-class cabins in favor of business seats
        * Romney and Ryan reuniting at Chicago appearance
        * Chipotle approaches record stock price of $700
        * Illinois term-limit backers seek Supreme Court intervention
        * Flights for foodies? United's gonna try


        * Durbin wants tougher tank-car standards to help avoid repeat of Quebec rail tragedy
        * Father of ‘Homer Simpson’ voice-actor, dead at 99
        * When Europe pays  kidnappers, Americans die
        * Boy fatally shot after running off because he couldn’t have cupcake: mom
        * When Europe pays kidnappers, Americans die
        * Maureen O’Looney, dead at 92, was matriarch to many in Chicago’s Irish community
        * Louis Castellaneta, father of ‘Homer Simpson’ voice-actor, dead at 99
        * Appeals court says term limits can’t be on ballot
        * Man charged in 2009 Back of the Yards killing
        * Bali police say motive not established for killing of Chicago woman found in suitcase


        * Man found guilty of assaulting woman at Waukegan party
        * Tollway giving back $2.2 million
        * Parents visit block where boy, 9, was slain: 'Where he took his last breath'
        * Rauner, Quinn tag each other as 'phony' on term limits
        * Chicagoans head to Ferguson to join protests
        * Bail denied for Wisconsin man charged in 2002 double shooting
        * 2 women held on $500K each in slaying of party promoter
        * Defense attorney indicted on perjury, obstruction charges
        * Aurora man wants murder case sent back to juvenile court
        * Trump Tower condo sells for $3.9 million


        * Special Prosecutor Appointed In Pike Co. Case
        * Durbin, Kirk Weigh In On Air Strikes In Iraq
        * Local Members Of Congress Condemn ISIS' Actions
        * Ground Broken On Tenth Street Rail Corridor
        * IDOT Cuts Positions Following Hiring Questions
        * Green Party Candidates Won't Appear On Ballot
        * Could Illinois Guard Be Called In To Ferguson?
        * Chatham Schools Supt. Talks Growth & Planning
        * Watchdog Applauds Investigation of Electric Supplier
        * Springfield Supt. Previews Coming School Year


        * IDOT cuts positions following questions on hiring
        * Authorities investigating powdery substance at Illinois State Library
        * Term-limit backers seek Supreme Court intervention
        * Illinois' share of Bank of America settlement: $300M
        * Bernard Schoenburg: Possible Ward 10 aldermanic candidates emerge as Griffin considers future
        * Illinois Attorney General Lisa Madigan: Cybercrime inevitable, so protect yourself
        * Eugene Robinson: The ones left behind
        * George Will: Fed up with cupcake cops
        * Appeals court says term limits can't be on ballot
        * Marijuana town hall attracts hundreds in Chicago


        * Skip Sutton, Ridgeview/Blue Ridge coach, August 2014
        * Illini women get Purdue in Big Ten opener
        * 2 dogs euthanized after Urbana apartment fire
        * Rend Lake College offering trips around the region, county and world
        * Dan Wavering - Dare to Dream, Dare to Build 8-21-14
        * Updated: Heat, thunderstorn advisories issued for area counties
        * Man accused of trying to run over East St. Louis police
        * Illini open Big Ten slate at Michigan
        * Local school districts take varied approaches to addressing Ferguson unrest
        * Feds visit local disaster response team at Memorial


        * Busse Woods bridge named national transportation project of year
        * Classes resume in High School District 211
        * Sox trade Beckham to Los Angeles Angels
        * Cash in an old I-PASS account? Tollway to let you know
        * 5-year term for man who threw chair at officer

        * Immigration dominates Lipinski's town hall...
        * Lipinski: Time to stop 'kicking the can' o...
        * Rep. Lipinski Helps Pass VA Reform Bill - ...
        * Scaletta Armoring Hosts Congressman Dan Li...
        * Congressman Dan Lipinski to host 3 events ...
        * Dem Explains Why He Voted 'Present' on DAC...
        * Immigration dominates Lipinski's town hall...
        * Lipinski: Time to stop 'kicking the can' o...
        * Rep. Lipinski Helps Pass VA Reform Bill - ...
        * Scaletta Armoring Hosts Congressman Dan Li...

        * Durbin talks student debt at SIU...
        * Durbin talks student debt at SIU...
        * Durbin talks student debt at SIU...
        * Officials Announce Start of Springfield Ra......
        * Officials Announce Start of Springfield Ra......

        * Pat Quinn Could be Drag on Illinois Democrats...
        * Thursday, Aug. 21: Die-in and Protest will......
        * Kirk Talks Imports and Exports...

        * Judge: Justice Dept Must Provide List Of Documents
        * Kinzinger, Congressmen Take ALS Ice Bucket Challenge But Voted To Defund Research
        * I support Carlos Rosa for 35th Ward Alderman.
        * NBC’s Ward Room. Mark Anderson. Chicago is ready for progressive reform.
        * Schneider Hosts Gun Violence Prevention, Mental Health Discussion
        * Poll: Americans Find Police Militarization To Be Unnecessary
        * TMD. Welcome to Ferguson.
        * Bob Lyons. If they can take my pension, they can take your social security.
        * Quinn Camp: Rauner Is 'Hiding' From Voters, Released 'Phony' Debate Schedule
        * Uber Hires Former Obama Adviser Plouffe


        * ICYMI: Term limits amendment — and citizens — lose
        * IDOT Teams Up with “Walking Dead” Star to Drive Down Fatalities in Illinois - Innovative New Labor Day Ad Campaign to Target Young Males; Law Enforcement to Crack Down on Drunk, Unbelted Drivers
        * IDOT Takes Major Steps to Strengthen Personnel Practices - Corrective Actions Aim to Improve Accountability, Restore Public Confidence
        * Governor Quinn Signs Law to Assist Victims of Human Trafficking - Law Establishes Fund to Provide Services for Victims of Human Trafficking
        * Governor Quinn Signs Law to Protect Survivors of Domestic Violence - “Diane’s Law” Expands Monitoring of Domestic Abusers Released on Bail




            Hosted by MCS SUBSCRIBE to Capitol Fax Advertise Here Mobile Version Contact Rich Miller