* From “Illinois Copperheads and the American Civil War”…
Circuit Judge Charles H. Constable of Mount Carmel, a Democrat, released four deserters who had been arrested by army sergeants acting on the orders of Colonel Henry H. Carrington, commander of the Indiana Military District.
Constable argued that the army had no authority to arrest deserters from Indiana within the sovereign state of Illinois.
Outraged by the judge’s action, Carrington led a detachment of Indiana cavalry into Marshall, Illinois, in March 1863.
There he arrested Judge Constable, who was then trying the two army sergeants on the charge of kidnapping.
A federal judge ordered Constable’s release on the.grounds that Carrington’s cavalry had no authority to hunt deserters outside of Indiana, thus supporting Constable’s earlier opinion.
The Hoosiers were right.
Maybe we should return the historical favor and liberate Indiana trade unionists.