Capitol - Your Illinois News Radar » OK, I wasn’t paranoid until I read this story: “Diebold voting machines can be hacked by remote control”
SUBSCRIBE to Capitol Fax      Advertise Here      Mobile Version     Exclusive Subscriber Content     Updated Posts    Contact
To subscribe to Capitol Fax, click here.
OK, I wasn’t paranoid until I read this story: “Diebold voting machines can be hacked by remote control”

Thursday, Sep 29, 2011

* When the Argonne National Laboratory says there’s a real problem, I tend to pay attention

It could be one of the most disturbing e-voting machine hacks to date.

Voting machines used by as many as a quarter of American voters heading to the polls in 2012 can be hacked with just $10.50 in parts and an 8th grade science education, according to computer science and security experts at the Vulnerability Assessment Team at Argonne National Laboratory in Illinois. The experts say the newly developed hack could change voting results while leaving absolutely no trace of the manipulation behind.

“We believe these man-in-the-middle attacks are potentially possible on a wide variety of electronic voting machines,” said Roger Johnston, leader of the assessment team “We think we can do similar things on pretty much every electronic voting machine.” […]

Almost all voters in states like Georgia, Maryland, Utah and Nevada, and the majority of voters in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Indiana and Texas, will vote on DREs on Election Day in 2012, says Flaherty. Voters in major municipalities such as Houston, Atlanta, Chicago and Pittsburgh will also line up in next year’s election to use DREs of the type hacked by the Argonne National Lab. […]

“This is a fundamentally very powerful attack and we believe that voting officials should become aware of this and stop focusing strictly on cyber [attacks],” says Vulnerability Assessment Team member John Warner. “There’s a very large physical protection component of the voting machine that needs to be addressed.”

The team’s video demonstrates how inserting the inexpensive electronic device into the voting machine can offer a “bad guy” virtually complete control over the machine. A cheap remote control unit can enable access to the voting machine from up to half a mile away. […]

This type of attack is particularly troubling because the manipulation would occur after the voter has approved as “correct” the on-screen summaries of his or her intended selections. Team leader Johnson says that while such an attack could be mounted on Election Day, there would be “a high probability of being detected.” But he explained that the machines could also be tampered with during so-called voting machine “sleepovers” when e-voting systems are kept by poll workers at their houses, often days and weeks prior to the election or at other times when the systems are unguarded.

Go read the whole thing.

* From ComputerWorld

Johnston said the machine is “incredibly easy to tamper with” because all the crucial electronic components are accessible and can be easily modified. The Accuvote TS’ enclosure isn’t tamper resistant so hjackers can work on the machine without leaving visible signs, he added.

“All we had to do was find out what the machine was doing in terms of communication,” Johnston said. “We just had to understand the various components and how the data was being sent. We needed to understand what signal had to be sent to fool the machine into thinking the voter had touched the screen at a particular location.”

The experiment shows that e-voting systems are susceptible to more than just cyberattacks, which get the most attention but are harder to pull off as the perpetrators must have some knowledge of the machine’s software, hardware and firmware.

The so-called man-in-the-middle attacks don’t require knowledge of the voting machine’s proprietary software or hardware, Johnston said. “All you need to do is understand the communication between the different parts of the system. Then you just sit there and listen and do whatever mischief you want to.”.

* CNet

Although it wouldn’t take a nation-state to pull of a successful attack, he said. Someone with limited computer science knowledge and electronic parts costing about $25 could do it, without needing to even solder anything and leaving no trace behind, according to the researchers.

E-voting systems have been plagued by criticism about security issues, so much so that elections officials in various states have abandoned touch-screen systems over security and fraud concerns.

Dominion Voting Systems, which now owns Diebold and Sequoia, did not respond to a phone call and e-mail seeking comment from CNET this afternoon. E-voting system vendors in general have argued that security problems identified are either overly theoretical or have been fixed with hardware and software updates.

Previous demonstrations of e-voting hacks involved cyber attacks where knowledge of the operating system and hardware were required, according to Johnston. However, that was not the case in these demonstrations, he said.

“It would be pretty easy to pull off,” Johnston said. “The bigger concern is that this attack is so straightforward. It suggests that there hasn’t been much thinking about security in these voting systems.”

While it would be relatively easy to make this type of attack more difficult to do by making modifications to the voting machine, stopping the attack cold would require more effort and a “careful examination of the security protocols used,” he said.

* The Argonne video

- Posted by Rich Miller        

  1. - Robert M Roman - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 6:25 am:

    This is a bigger problem than most people realize and it’s been all too easy to dismiss it as a concern of the tin-foil hat people. Election stealing is a grand old American tradition, and computerizing the process simply mean that you needn’t have an organized crew of precinct workers behind you to do it. Just one or two people in the right position suffice.

    For those wanting to explore the issue a bit further, see

    Incidentally, the old punch card machines could be programmed to miscount votes, too, but it wasn’t quite so easy.
    be well,
    bob roman

  2. - MCgone - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 6:58 am:

    This is kind of old news, like 5+ years. Google it to replace “Can be done” to “Was done”.

  3. - OneMan - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 7:22 am:

    You could still catch it on audit if the paper trail (the printed votes) didn’t end up matching the count the machine provided. But that is a big if and most of the machines are not audited.

    So what can you do…

    encourage the use of the paper ballot option (little black circles) if that is an option, it is easier to audit.

    You could do a machine inspection before they are sent out (including opening) with party representatives who know what to look for ( a finite list) and close the machine up with multiple seals. You could also put some sort of seal on the connectors (where they middle attack connects) so if the connection has be modified it would be noticeable.

    Nothing I propose will solve this, just make it harder to do.

  4. - bored now - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 7:27 am:

    this has been known for some time (in fact, almost immediately after most of these machines had been purchased with HAVA help). the DRE machines have *always* been found to be the most insecure — one pentest analysis back in the early 2000s found them to be less secure than the computer found in most homes. when the security of electronic machines was first tested, sequoia was found to be the most secure, but pentests have since been done that have found holes in sequoia machines (i believe sequoia also had ownership issues that many counties in this country would find difficult). iow, no electronic voting machine in this country has passed a penetration tests — and the flaws are widely known. the only security we have with these machines is the human in charge of them (kind of makes you wonder about the prosser miracle, doesn’t it?).

    however, voting is such a low priority for those who provide the money to boards of elections that nothing is likely to change. that’s just a fact. we can hoo and ha all we want, but we’re americans and we want our election results fast (immediately) for the lowest possible cost. we have the voting systems that provide quick results for a really low cost; whether or not our votes are vulnerable to alteration is simply not something we care about…

  5. - Elect Me - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 7:39 am:

    Security for the voting system has always been predicated on securing people and equipment. Just as an alarm system on your house is worthless if you don’t close your window. Equipment should be stored in a sealed room with video cameras.

    A paper trail is critical because it puts a huge barrier to committing fraud and enhances the confidence of the public. Post election audits should be always be done to create an even larger disincentive.

  6. - Michelle Flaherty - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 8:17 am:

    Kinda makes you long for the hanging chad

  7. - Moot - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 8:25 am:

    Way too hi-tech for me.

    I prefer the old fashion way of precinct captains and party hacks stuffing the boxes. Nice, easy, and no one had an advantage over the other guy.

    That’s the Chicago way.

  8. - amalia - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 8:27 am:

    all precincts must be located in old bank buildings and put the unit within a lead lined vault. my hackers can beat your hackers! honestly, it all sounds so true and that we are powerless that one can only laugh. there is no election watch dog group around.

  9. - Left Out - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 8:27 am:

    As pointed out by others above, this is old news. The computer trade press has carried stories of this type for many years. Security with almost all of the electronic voting systems are poor. The details differ between machines (make and model) but all of the major brands appear to have one or more security issues. The video points to multiple issues in the hardware of the system being tested. There are probably potential problems with the software in the machines micro processor of the machine shown (but not which were not tested for).

  10. - Anonymous - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 8:27 am:

    As always, The Onion was on top of this story early:

    Diebold Accidentally Leaks Results Of 2008 Election Early

  11. - CircularFiringSquad - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 8:40 am:

    And we were worried that Beck would not have a global disaster to rant about between his gold scam commercials.
    Thanks Capt Fax
    We will route this to The Blaze and urge usage on radio show

  12. - Dooley Dudright - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 8:54 am:

    We’ve squandered gazillions of dollars on this. Way past time to give it up.

    Optical scanning. So totally retro, it’s cool!

    We’ve all been darkening ovals since high school.

    Simple. Cheap. Familiar. Proven. And, at no extra cost — a paper trail!


  13. - reformer - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 8:58 am:

    I’d like to hear from David Orr, the Cook County Clerk. Does he dismiss or ignore the vulnerability of his machines? Or has he taken appropriate security measures?

  14. - ArchPundit - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 9:10 am:

    ==You could still catch it on audit if the paper trail (the printed votes) didn’t end up matching the count the machine provided. But that is a big if and most of the machines are not audited.

    The counts are audited every election in the vast majority of districts so this happens already–the problem comes in if the hacker is switching votes instead of adding votes.

    The best option are optical scan ballots. The counting machines can still be tampered with, but you have direct voter actions determining the paper trail to check it with. They also have a lower error rate than touch screens.

    Part of the issue why local agencies have moved towards the touch screen is HAVA requires ADA compliance and visually impaired individuals are best served by the touch screens. Some minor tinkering and you could fix this issue though.

  15. - Ghost - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 9:13 am:

    I am gad they caught this.

    It seems like an simple fix, weld the device closed and line it with lead or someting to block radio signals. This way it can not be opened up, and even if it was a radio signal would not be able to penetrate/operate within the device.

    Of course tin foil hats help block radio signals as well….

  16. - MikeMacD - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 9:19 am:

    I was looking at a brochure from David Orr’s office last Saturday and noticed that they claim to randomly audit a sample of precincts each election by hand. I understood it to mean they checked the paper votes by race against the machine votes and not a simple count total.

  17. - Plutocrat03 - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 9:25 am:

    This does not reveal any new information, nor does it propose any solutions.

    It is not hard to make the externals tamper resistant after an inspection. I wonder why it has not been done anyway.

    All systems can be tampered with. Paper ballots can be stuffed, electronic systems compromised. Where do we go from here/

  18. - titan - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 9:48 am:

    The equipment is turned in pretty quickly after the polls close (by a pair of poll workers - one D and one R).

    The added gear inserted into the machines ought to be found when the machines are serviced following the election. The video assertion that the added gear could be removed after teh election and leave no trace is dubious - unless all of the poll workers were involved in the conspiracy and there are no non-conspirator pollwatchers at the polling place.

    The level and breadth of the conspiracy needed to pull off stealing an election in this fashion is such that it is unlikely to occur - and if it did, it would be enough of a conspiracy to be able to steal an election regardless of the system used.

  19. - Carl Nyberg - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 10:14 am:

    In the 45th Ward 30 votes separated the two candidates. The loser declined to challenge because Illinois law is draconian. The loser has to pay ridiculous costs, including the other side’s legal fees.

    While Illinois does have a paper record of elections, I’m not aware of the paper record ever being bounced against the electronic record.

    Illinois should implement a system of spot checks, by *an outside auditor* to make sure there are no hiccups.

    And there should be a margin of victory that triggers an automatic recount at no cost to the other side.

    BTW, the guy I was supporting won in the 45th Ward, but still, it seemed like the other guy was entitled to a recount, if only to assuage his paranoia.

  20. - Regular Reader - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 10:23 am:

    Plutocrat3–I agree.

    There will never be a tamper-proof system. As long as someone wants to manipulate it, they’ll find a way.

    However, if it only costs a few bucks and a junior-high knowledge, it’s far too easy.

  21. - Captain Illini - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 10:29 am:

    The optical scan machines do work well, however, a change in law a year ago or so required the machines to kick out the ballots if undervoting occurred, even though a person can legally cast an empty ballot. This now requires the Election Judge to manually override the undervoted ballot so the machine will accept it…a real pain in a busy election. So, electronic machines have become the favored method in voting because it eliminates the need for manually doing anything, since the touch screens will tell you if you’ve undervoted or overvoted, and allow for correction or casting the ballot as is…which can be hacked…

  22. - Esquire - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 10:33 am:

    Another great idea from the fertile mind of Al Gore! Seriously, for all of the complaints leveled against punch card ballots that method of voting was cheaper and more efficient than all of the electronic systems. Pat Quinn may be serving as governor because the computers could not be reprogrammed to remove Schillerstrom from the GOP primary ballot after he withdrew as an active candidate. Maybe Dillard would have picked up a few votes from Du Page that were miscast and Brady would not have been nominated.

    The same problem exists for challenges to candidates with faulty nominating petitions. If the legal challenges eat up too much time, the election authorities cannot reprogram the computers and can only “suppress the votes.” This means that voters can enter the polling booth and cast votes for candidates who were either disqualified or withdrawn, but their names are still on the machines. In essence, votes end up being wasted on scratched candidates. Under the old system, a printed label or a piece of electrical tape was all that was needed to fix the ballot book.

  23. - Retired Non-Union Guy - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 10:45 am:

    Nothing new.

    You don’t need to line them with lead, just some of the special paint that defeat RFI emissions (it was used on the plastic case of the original PC Jr). Similar paints are part of the Stealth technology; it’s just expensive.

    Given the current state of the technology and desire for low cost, multiple seals pre-election and immediate post-election inspections are the way to go.

  24. - 47th Ward - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 11:03 am:

    It’s not a bug in the system, it’s a feature.

  25. - Carl Nyberg - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 11:09 am:

    The Bush Justice Department spent eight years looking for vote fraud to justify implementing measures to disenfranchise voters who tend to vote Democrat.

    What did they find? Some registration fraud and that was about it.

    Now, have we ever had the Justice Department scrutinize Florida in 2000? Ohio in 2004? The GOP wave of disenfranchising voters across the country since the 2010 elections?

  26. - Bluefish - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 11:11 am:

    It’s not a flaw, it’s a feature.

  27. - sal-says - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 11:12 am:

    Folks. It’s a computer. Of course it can be compromised. It shouldn’t be this easy tho. But, it’s unlikely that anyone will be able to guarantee a computerized system won’t be hacked.

  28. - Bluefish - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 11:12 am:

    Oops, didn’t see 47th’s snark before I posted.

  29. - Feed up - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 11:14 am:

    Illinois requires a paper trail for the voter can check who they voted for.
    Without the software to actually cast the votes how do we know what they say is correct.
    Not a true test of the system…..

  30. - 47th Ward - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 11:16 am:

    Great minds, Bluefish.

  31. - Colossus - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 11:18 am:

    @ Ace
    I’m surprised no one else has asked this yet, but could you provide documented evidence of vote fraud? We always hear about how this is an epidemic, yet never see the actual cases. I’m all for making sure we have secure and valid elections, but rumormongering partisan accusations in no way helps the situation.

  32. - wordslinger - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 11:20 am:

    So if some teen with $20 can pull this off, I guess we can look forward to the administration of Pres. Seymour Butz.

  33. - Happy Returns - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 11:29 am:

    Or the election and street naming for beloved mayor Harry Baalz…oh wait.

  34. - soccermom - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 11:31 am:

    Word — I believe that, when he runs, he will use the more dignified S. Monkey Butz.

  35. - Stimson - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 11:39 am:

    Saw Johnston at an IEEE meeting last year where he showed off some of his group’s very creative, but usually quite mundane, hacks on voting machines and other systems. Not surprised by their latest discovery. Are voting system manufacturers required to at least follow the NIST recommendations on voting system security? No system will ever be foolproof, but there needs to be somebody knowledgeable looking over the manufacturers’ shoulders to double-check things to make sure they’re at least putting forth a good faith effort at securing the votes.

  36. - Bill White - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 12:01 pm:

    Use touchscreen to print a paper ballot that gets deposited in the ballot box.

    The day after every election randomly select a certain percentage of precincts to do a complete hand count to ascertain whether touchscreen totals match hand count totals.

  37. - Downstate Illinois - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 12:03 pm:

    Electronic voting machines should be banned, period. Unless there’s a paper trail there’s no way to actually count the votes. The systems that let people darken a circle, then let a machine scan it offers the best of electronic systems, while keeping a physical paper trail.

  38. - Cook County Commoner - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 12:09 pm:

    I have it on good authority that the Cook County Board recently authorized a series of no bid contracts with Radio Shack to purchase universal TV remote controls and miscellaneous electronic components.

  39. - titan - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 12:36 pm:

    @Downstate Illinois - under federal law, each polling place has to have at least one electronic device (for purposes of handicaped accessability in the voting process - the electronic devices have the headphone systems for the blind and the sip & puff systems for the paralyzed)

  40. - Dirty Red - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 12:45 pm:

    Thank God there are articles and videos about how to rig these things. I’m sure the County Clerk offices still using dial-up will get right on this problem…

  41. - Judgment Day - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 2:15 pm:

    All the HAVA cash has long been spent. What we’ve got now is what local governments are going to have to live with for a really long time.

    And not only that, the costs for all these “electronic marvels” are outlandish.

    As it is, with provisional ballots and all the other nonsense, the average election cycle has a minimum potential two week ‘tail’ beyond election day itself.

    I’m not near as concerned about the hacking of these machines. First off, you got to get access to the units, and then open up the boxes, and then patch in the components. Sounds simple, but it’s not in most places.

    I’m personally much more concerned with somebody using Neodymium Magnets to scramble the brains of a unit on election day (or worse, what if they screw up/MUNGE (Mashed Until No Good) 8-10 units at all different locations).

    Can see it now - Homeland Security outlaws Neodymium Magnets as being a National Security issue.

  42. - Just Me - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 2:17 pm:

    Like most commenters I don’t see what the big deal is. This is why the law also requires a hard copy of the vote, so that it can be double checked and verified the days after the vote, right? If someone “hacked” the system so their candidate would win, it would only take a couple days to realize the fraud, right?

  43. - TwoFeetThick - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 2:19 pm:

    ‘Scuse me for a minute while I polish up my tinfoil hat. Ah, yes, fits as tight as I remember.

    These machines, and any voting machines that are computerized and that do not involve an actual piece of paper on which a voter physically inscribed their choices, are a massive danger to our democracy and should be forever banned. There are no shortage of examples demonstrating the ability of votes to be hacked on these things. Personally, I would like to see a pure paper ballot system, where the voter marks their choices and then human beings count the results by hand, with representatives of all parties observing the process. Sure, maybe we’d have to wait a few days for results, but that seems a small price to pay.

    The head of Diebold sent a fundraising letter in 2004 in which he told Ohio Republicans that he was committed to delivering Ohio’s electoral votes to President Bush. Bush won that state by a squeaker, and we got four more years. Nope, nothing to see here. Right. That should scare the hell out of everyone.

    Republicans haven’t seemed to mind these machines much, since any election irregularities caused by these things seem to benefit Republican candidates (Google it). But the message of the corruptability of these machines needs to be shouted out by everyone of all parties, and they need to be sent to the garbage pile. If not, elections won’t reflect how people voted; they’ll reflect who was better that cycle at manipulating the technology.

  44. - WAK - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 3:18 pm:

    Hmm Diebold? Don’t they make ATMs as well. Banks and ATMs can track and transfer millions and billions of dollars accurately and securely but they/we can’t do the same for voting systems…

  45. - titan - Thursday, Sep 29, 11 @ 10:34 pm:

    @twofeetthick - Illinois does not permit any voting machine without a papertrail.

  46. - Anonymous - Friday, Sep 30, 11 @ 9:14 am:

    Equally disturbing is that this hack took place at Argonne Lab, located in DuPage, the same county considered one of the worst places to vote in America according to Black Box Voting.

    Prior to the DuPage County Election Commission’s vote of the Diebold TSx touch-screen machines in 2005, citizens showed up in droves to give public statement against the machines. Not a single citizen was in favor of these machines, stating that they were not secure, not accurate, not properly tested, premature and most of all, not transparent. Hundreds of letters were sent from people unable to attend the weekday board meetings. The Election Commission receptionist refused to transfer phone calls from citizens concerned about the Commission’s intentions.

    The vote for the Diebold TSx touchscreen passed 3-0. After their vote, the Commission made a statement to the press that our concerns of citizens were based on “rumor and innuendo.”

    Dozens of Illinois counties followed DuPage’s lead and also voted for the Diebold touch screen.

    Later we learned that the DuPage County Election Commission chairman, Rick Carney, was close friends and crony with the Diebold distributor at that time. This distributor had made campaign contributions to Carney while he was the county recorder, including $9,000 toward Carney’s lavish retirement party held just one year prior to the Diebold vote.

  47. - Anonymous - Friday, Sep 30, 11 @ 9:54 am:

    Just ask the DuPage Election Board’s contracted spokesperson, Dan Curry, to ease your fears. He’s probably working on a smear campaign against Dr. Roger Johnston at Argonne this very moment.

Sorry, comments for this post are now closed.

* Springfield: Restricting PBM Tools Will Raise Costs for Consumers, Employers + the State
* Three Months To Make History: Time Is Running Out To Pass The Path To 100 Act
* Credit Unions: The People Helping People Philosophy
* A Fair Map Prioritizes Voting Rights And Public Input
* Illinois Small Businesses Support - And Need - The Clean Energy Jobs Act
* Reader comments closed for spring break
* Yesterday's stories

Visit our advertisers...












Main Menu
Pundit rankings
Subscriber Content
Blagojevich Trial
Updated Posts

March 2021
February 2021
January 2021
December 2020
November 2020
October 2020
September 2020
August 2020
July 2020
June 2020
May 2020
April 2020
March 2020
February 2020
January 2020
December 2019
November 2019
October 2019
September 2019
August 2019
July 2019
June 2019
May 2019
April 2019
March 2019
February 2019
January 2019
December 2018
November 2018
October 2018
September 2018
August 2018
July 2018
June 2018
May 2018
April 2018
March 2018
February 2018
January 2018
December 2017
November 2017
October 2017
September 2017
August 2017
July 2017
June 2017
May 2017
April 2017
March 2017
February 2017
January 2017
December 2016
November 2016
October 2016
September 2016
August 2016
July 2016
June 2016
May 2016
April 2016
March 2016
February 2016
January 2016
December 2015
November 2015
October 2015
September 2015
August 2015
July 2015
June 2015
May 2015
April 2015
March 2015
February 2015
January 2015
December 2014
November 2014
October 2014
September 2014
August 2014
July 2014
June 2014
May 2014
April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013
September 2013
August 2013
July 2013
June 2013
May 2013
April 2013
March 2013
February 2013
January 2013
December 2012
November 2012
October 2012
September 2012
August 2012
July 2012
June 2012
May 2012
April 2012
March 2012
February 2012
January 2012
December 2011
November 2011
October 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011
February 2011
January 2011
December 2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
May 2010
April 2010
March 2010
February 2010
January 2010
December 2009
November 2009
October 2009
September 2009
August 2009
July 2009
June 2009
May 2009
April 2009
March 2009
February 2009
January 2009
December 2008
November 2008
October 2008
September 2008
August 2008
July 2008
June 2008
May 2008
April 2008
March 2008
February 2008
January 2008
December 2007
November 2007
October 2007
September 2007
August 2007
July 2007
June 2007
May 2007
April 2007
March 2007
February 2007
January 2007
December 2006
November 2006
October 2006
September 2006
August 2006
July 2006
June 2006
May 2006
April 2006
March 2006
February 2006
January 2006
December 2005
April 2005
March 2005
February 2005
January 2005
December 2004
November 2004
October 2004

Blog*Spot Archives
November 2005
October 2005
September 2005
August 2005
July 2005
June 2005
May 2005


RSS Feed 2.0
Comments RSS 2.0

Hosted by MCS SUBSCRIBE to Capitol Fax Advertise Here Mobile Version Contact Rich Miller